Students learn to carefully and closely read literature from a variety of sources: folktales, non-fiction, short story, poetry, drama, and the novel, including western traditional classics. Course focuses on the relationship between writers’ lives, contexts, and writing. Use of literary terms and devices is refined. Outside reading is assigned. Writing emphasizes creating sound paragraphs and combining them into longer compositions. A research paper is expected. Grammatical concepts are reviewed throughout the semester, as students frequently respond to the literature in their writing. Introductory elements of public speaking is also covered later in the year-long course.